Research Guides

League of Nations: Intellectual Cooperation

Notable Members of the Organization of Intellectual Cooperation

The news of the establishment of a Committee dealing with intellectual collaboration encouraged important private organizations and other authorized sources to suggest to the League the names of individuals of different nationalities considered suitable to represent their respective countries on the Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. The Secretariat believed that the more eminent the members were, the more public exposure the Committee could obtain. Such exposure could result in a greater legitimacy for the work of the Committee. 
 

Notable Personalities

 Albert Einstein (1879-1955), German-born physicist, naturalized American. One of the most notable personalities in the history of science, recipient of the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics, he was active in several other areas, from philosophy to politics. Member of the ICIC from 1929 to 1939.

 

 


Marie Curie (1867-1934), born Maria Sklodowska, a Polish-born physician French naturalized. Her research on radioactive substances led her to be the only female winner of two Noble Prizes in 1903 and 1911. Vice President of the ICIC from 1929-1936.

 

 


Gilbert Murray (1866-1957), Australian-born British. Philologist, Professor of the language and culture of Ancient Greek at the University of Oxford. He was President of the ICIC from 1928 to 1940.

 

 


Henri Bergson (1859-1941), French philosopher. His work had a strong influence in the fields of psychology, biology, art literature and theology which were worth the 1927 Noble Prize in literature. Chairman of the ICIC from 1922 to 1925.

 

 

 


 Hendrik Lorentz (1853-1928), Dutch physicist known for his research on electromagnetism and electrodynamics which had a deep influence in the study of Physics and won him the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics. Was Chairman of the ICIC from 1925 to 1928.

 

 

 


Alfredo Rocco  (1875-1935), an Italian jurist and politician who promoted the codification of a new Code of Criminal Procedure. President of the IECI from 1929 to 1935, member of the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law, 1936-1938, and member of the ICIC from 1929 to 1936.

 

 


 Kristine Bonnevie (1872-1948), Norwegian biologist in the fields of cytology, genetics, and embryology.  She was Norway's first female professor and deputy representative to the Parliament of Norway. Member of the ICIC from 1929 to 1936.

 

 


Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858-1937), a Bengali intellectual who laid the foundations of experimental science in India. Member of the ICIC from 1926 to 1939.

 

 

 


Paul Valéry (1871-1945), a French writer, poet, and philosopher. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 12 different years. He was member of the Committee of Letters and Arts of the ICIC, serving as its president in the 1930s.

 

 


Thomas Mann (1875-1955), German novelist and writer. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1929, he is considered one of the most prominent figures of 20th Century European literature. He joined the Committee of Letters and Arts in 1931.

Samples of Correspondence with Notable Members of the Organization of Intellectual Cooperation