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Human Rights 75: Home


United for change at the HR75 high-level event

Human Rights Day 2023


About Human Rights 75

Human Rights 75 is an initiative whose three main goals focus on universality, progress and engagement under the leadership of UN Human Rights, together with its partners. The initiative culminates in a high-level event in December 2023 that will announce global pledges and ideas for a vision for the future of human rights.

“Together, let’s rejuvenate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, demonstrate how it can meet the needs of our time AND advance its promise of freedom, equality and justice for all”.

In 2023, we commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which coincides with the 30th anniversary of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

For 75 years, the core ambition of the Declaration has been to infuse societies with equality, fundamental freedoms and justice. It enshrines the rights of all human beings and is a global blueprint for international, national, and local laws and policies and a bedrock of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

We will celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Declaration on 10 December 2023, a milestone celebration called Human Rights 75. Throughout the year, the initiative seeks to increase knowledge on the universality and indivisibility of human rights, especially among young people, inspire people to create a movement of shared humanity while empowering them to fight for their rights.

About this LibGuide

The Human Rights 75 Initiative LibGuide serves as your comprehensive resource to navigate the rich history of human rights development through the official documents of the United Nations. This guide covers a spectrum of themes aligned with the monthly thematic spotlights of the Human Rights 75 Initiative, each contributing to the initiative's overarching goals of universality, progress, and engagement.

The guide includes twelve main sections, corresponding to the Human Rights 75 Initiative's monthly thematic spotlights:

  • 1. Arbitrary detention for exercising human rights
  • 2. Business and human rights
  • 3. Care and support system
  • 4. Climate change/environment
  • 5. Human rights education
  • 6. Human rights enhancing economy
  • 7. Justice
  • 8. Offline and online civic space and human rights defenders
  • 9. Prevention and peace
  • 10. Racial justice
  • 11. Social protection, sustainable development, and the right to development
  • 12. Women’s participation in public and political life

Each section is meticulously curated to provide researchers and enthusiasts with a wealth of information, including featured books, journal articles, reports and resolutions of the Commission on Human Rights and Human Rights Council, treaties, conventions, declarations, and insights from human rights conferences.

This LibGuide serves as a valuable companion to the content available on the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) website, enhancing the understanding of the evolution of human rights over the past 75 years. The LibGuide is curated by OHCHR Library. For a comprehensive array of resources on human rights, please visit our online catalog at OHCHR Library Catalogue. We encourage you to explore and engage with this guide, and we welcome your comments and suggestions for continuous improvement. Please send any recommendations to

Embark on a journey through the history of human rights, delve into the intricacies of each theme, and join us in commemorating the 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights through the Human Rights 75 Initiative LibGuide.

Find the UDHR in Your Language!

If you need a copy of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, there are several layouts available:

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is timeless. Its 75th Anniversary is an invitation to take action for a world that is more just and where all people are equal and live in freedom and in dignity. Wherever you are, you can make a difference. Add your photo to one of our filters, inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and share it on your social media channels using the hashtag #HumanRights75. Help us spread the word and encourage your friends and colleagues to add their photos too.

The History of the UDHR

Drafting History

Drafting Materials from UN Archives 

Early Drafts 

The Drafters 

The Drafting Committee members:

  • Alexandre Bogomolov (USSR)
  • René Cassin (France)
  • Dr. Peng-chun Chang (China)
  • Charles Dukes (United Kingdom)
  • William Hodgson (Australia)
  • John P. Humphrey (Canada)
  • Dr. Charles Malik (Lebanon)
  • Eleanor Roosevelt (US)
  • Hernan Santa Cruz (Chile)
  • Biographies of certain members can be found on the Columbia University web site.

Early Version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UDHR draft

 (UN Photo/Greg Kinch)

On 10 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Secondary sources on the adopted text

Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December – the day the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This year, Human Rights Day marks the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a milestone document that proclaimed the inalienable rights which everyone is inherently entitled to as a human being -- regardless of race, colour, religion, sex, language, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Featured Books

Featured Articles

Related Libguides

Databases for Human Rights Research