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Research Guides United Nations Office at Geneva Library & Archives

International Commissions of Inquiry, Fact-finding Missions: Europe



Mandating authority

Human Rights Council resolution 46/20 of 24 Mar. 2021

Commission/Mission OHCHR Fact-finding mission on Belarus
Mandate Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, with assistance from relevant experts and special procedure mandate holders:
(a)    To monitor and report on the situation of human rights, to carry out a comprehensive examination of all alleged human rights violations committed in Belarus since 1 May 2020, including the possible gender dimensions of such violations, to establish the facts and circumstances surrounding the alleged violations, and to collect, consolidate, preserve and analyse information and evidence with a view to contributing to accountability for perpetrators and justice for victims and, where possible, to identify those responsible;
(b)    To make general recommendations on improving respect for and the protection of human rights, and to provide guidance on access to justice and accountability, as appropriate;
(c)    To engage with the Belarusian authorities and all stakeholders, in particular Belarusian, regional and international civil society, international human rights organizations, United Nations agencies, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and relevant States with a view to exchanging information, as appropriate, and providing support for national, regional and international efforts to promote accountability for human rights violations in Belarus;
Members of the Mission

Ms. Karinna Moskalenko, Chair (Russian Federation),  Ms. Susan Bazilli (Canada) and Mr. Marko Milanović (Serbia)

Reports  and related documents


The former Yugoslavia


Mandating authority

Security Council resolution 780 (1992) of 6 Oct. 1992

Commission/Mission Commission of experts to investigate situation in the former Yugoslavia 
Mandate Security Council requests the Secretary-General to establish as a matter of urgency, an impartial Commission of Experts to examine and analyse the information submitted pursuant to resolution 771 (1992) and the present resolution, together with such further information as the Commission of Experts may obtain through its own investigations or efforts, of other persons or bodies pursuant to resolution 771 (1992), with a view to providing the Secretary-General with its conclusions on the evidence of grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions and other violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia
Members of the Mission

Mr. Frits KALSHOVEN (Netherlands), Chair; Mr. Mahmoud Cherif BASSIOUNI (Egypt), Mr. William J. FENRICK (Canada), Mr. Keba MBAYE (Senegal) and Mr. Torkel OPSAHL (Norway).

Mr. M. Bassiouni appointed as Chair and Ms. Christine CLEIREN (Netherlands) and Ms. Hanne Sophie GREVE (Norway) as new members owing to the resignation of Mr. Kalshoven and the death of Mr. Opsahl

Reports  and related documents

Reports S/25274 of 10 Feb. 1993, S/26545 of 6 Oct. 1993, E/CN.4/1994/130 of 10 Mar. 1994, S/1994/674 of 27 May 1994, S/1994/674 of  27 May 1994, S/1994/674/Add.1 of 31 May 1995,  S/1994/674/Add.2(Vol.I) of 31 May 1995, S/1994/674/Add.2(Vol.II) of 28 Dec. 1994, S/1994/674/Add.2(Vol.III) of 28 Dec. 1994, S/1994/674/Add.2(Vol.IV) of 28 Dec. 1994, S/1994/674/Add.2(Vol.V) of 28 Dec. 1994


Subject Guide

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