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Human Rights Timeline: Timeline

Human Rights Council sessional reports

Starting with the 2nd session, there are two types of the sessional reports of the Human Rights Council.

  • Reports to the General Assembly, issued as Supplement 53 with a symbol structured as A/session/53, contain resolutions with voting information and decisions adopted by the Council.
  • Sessional reports, issued with a symbol structured as A/HRC/session number/..., contain resolutions with voting information and decisions adopted by the Council; as well as a summary of proceedings, attendance, agenda and list of documents issued for the session.

For example:  18th session of the Human Rights Council, 12 - 30 September 2011 - Report A/HRC/18/2 ¦ Report A/66/53/Add.1 and Corr.1, Supp. 53A

Membership

Sessional reports

Sessional reports of the Commission on Human Rights

Sessional reports of the Human Rights Council (GAOR, Supplement 53 and 53A)

Timeline

Human Rights Council regular and special sessions

 

2006-2009 2010-2014 2015-2019 2020-2024

Commission on Human Rights regular and special sessions

1946-1949 1950-1959 1960-1969 1970-1979 1980-1989 1990-1999 2000-2006

 

Human Rights Council 2020-2024

2020

45th session 44th session 43rd session
14 Sept.-6 Oct. 2020 30 June-17 July 2020 24 Feb.-20 Mar. 2020,
15-19 June 2020 (resumed)

Report A/HRC/45/...,
A/75/53/Add.1 (Supp. 53A),
Session information,
Voting data

Report A/HRC/44/2 (Advance unedited version),
A/75/53 (Supp. 53),
Session information,
Voting data

Report A/HRC/43/2 (Advance unedited version),
A/75/53 (Supp. 53),
Session information,
Voting data

In 2020

44th session

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea (resolution 44/1).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the right to education (resolution 44/3).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children (resolution 44/4).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions (resolution 44/5).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on elimination of discrimination against persons affected by leprosy and their family members (resolution 44/6).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers (resolution 44/8).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities (resolution 44/10).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Independent Expert on human rights and international solidarity (resolution 44/11).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights (resolution 44/13).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on situation of human rights in Belarus (resolution 44/19).

43rd session

The Council decided to establish an independent international commission of inquiry to establish facts and circumstances relating to the systemic racism, alleged violations of international human rights law and abuses against Africans and people of African descent in the United States of America and other parts of the world recently affected by law enforcement agencies (resolution 43/1).

The Council decided to to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression for a further period of three years (resolution 43/4).

The Council decided to to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on human rights of migrants for a further period of three years, effective from the end of its forty-fourth session (resolution 43/6).

The Council decided to to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on minority issues for a further period of three years (resolution 43/8).

The Council decided to to extend the mandate of the Independent Expert on the effects of foreign debt and other related international financial obligations of States on the full enjoyment of all human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights for a further period of three years (resolution 43/10).

The Council decided to extend, for a period of three years, the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living and on the right to non-discrimination in this context (resolution 43/14).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders for a period of three years (resolution 43/16).

The Council decided  to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment for a further period of three years (resolution 43/20).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on sale and sexual exploitation of children, including child prostitution, child pornography and other child sexual abuse material (resolution 43/22).

The Council decided to to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran for a further period of one year (resolution 43/24).

The Council decided to to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (resolution 43/25).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar for a further period of one year (resolution 43/26).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan (resolution 43/27).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic for a period of one year (resolution 43/28).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance for a further period of three years (resolution 43/36).

The Council decided to extend the mandate of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Mali for a period of one year (resolution 43/38).

Human Rights Council 2015-2019

2019

42nd session 41st session 40th session
9-27 September 2019 24 June-12 July 2019 25 February-22 Mar 2019

Reports
A/HRC/42/2 (Advance unedited version),
A/74/53/Add.1 (Supp. 53A)
Session information,
Voting data

Reports 
A/HRC/41/2 (Advance unedited version),
A/74/53 (Supp. 53),
Session information,
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/40/2 (Advance unedited version),
A/74/53 (Supp. 53),
Session information,
Voting data

2018

39th session 38th session 37th session
10-28 September 2018 18 June-6 July 2018 26 February-23 March 2018

Reports
A/HRC/39/2 (Advance unedited version),
A/73/53/Add.1 (Supp. 53A),
Session information,
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/38/2 (Advance unedited version,) 
A/73/53, (Supp. 53),
Session information,
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/37/2 (Advance unedited version),
A/73/53 (Supp. 53),
Session information,
Voting data

28th special session on deteriorating human rights situation in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, 18 May 2018

Reports A/HRC/S-28/2A/73/53 A/73/53 (Supp. 53),
Session information,
Voting data

2017

36th session 35th session 34th session
11-29 September 2017 6-23 June 2017 27 Feb-24 Mar. 2017

Reports
A/HRC/36/2 (Advance unedited version
A/72/53/Add.1 (Supp. 53A)
Session information
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/35/2 (Advance unedited version
A/72/53 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/34/2 (Advance unedited version
A/72/53 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data

27th special session on human rights situation of the minority Rohingya Muslim population and other minorities in the Rakhine Sate of Myanmar, 5 Dec 2017

Reports A/HRC/S-27/3A/73/53 (Supp. 53),
Session information,
Voting data

2016

33rd session 32nd session 31st session
13-30 September 2016 13 June-1 July 2016 29 Feb.-23 March 2016

Reports
A/HRC/33/2 (Advance unedited version
A/71/53/Add.1 (Supp. 53A)
Session information
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/32/2 (Advance unedited version
A/71/53 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/31/2 (Advance unedited version
A/71/53, (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data

26th special session on human rights situation in South Sudan, 14 Dec 2016

Reports A/HRC/S-26/2A/72/53 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data

25th special session on the deteriorating situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic, and the recent situation in Aleppo, 21 October 2016

Reports A/HRC/S-25/2A/71/53/Add.2 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data

2015

30th session 29th session 29th session
30 September-2 October 2015 15 June-3 July 2015 18 June - 6 July 2015

Reports
A/HRC/30/2 (Advanced unedited version), 
A/70/53/Add.1 (Supp. 53A)
Session information
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/29/2 (Advance unedited version), 
A/70/53 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/28/2 (Advance unedited version), 
A/70/53 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data

24th special session on preventing further deterioration of the human rights situation in Burundi, 17 December 2015

Reports A/HRC/S-24/2A/71/53 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data

23rd special session in light of the terrorist attacks and human rights abuses and violations committed by the terrorist group Boko Haram, 1 April 2015

Reports A/HRC/S-23/2A/70/53 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data

In 2019

42nd session

The Council adopted the plan of action for the fourth phase (2020–2024) of the World Programme for Human Rights Education (resolution 42/7).

The Council decided to organize a biennial panel discussion on the right to development, starting at its forty-fifth session and decided to establish a subsidiary expert mechanism to provide the Council with thematic expertise on the right to development (resolution 42/23).

The Council decided to establish an independent international fact-finding mission and to dispatch it urgently to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to investigate extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions and torture and other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment since 2014 (resolution 42/25).

41st session

The Council requested the High Commissioner to prepare a comprehensive written report on the situation of human rights in the Philippines and to present it to the Human Rights Council at its forty-fourth session (resolution 41/2).

40th session

The Council requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to prepare a comprehensive written report on the human rights situation in Nicaragua and to present it to the Human Rights Council at its forty-second session (resolution 40/2).

The Council requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to strengthen the field presence of the Office of the High Commissioner in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, particularly in the occupied Gaza Strip, and to deploy the personnel and expertise necessary to monitor and document the ongoing violations of international law in the context of large-scale civilian protests in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, particularly in the occupied Gaza Strip (resolution 40/13).

The Council requested the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, while continuing its engagement with the United Nations Support Mission in Libya, to monitor and report on human rights violations and abuses across Libya and to establish the facts and circumstances of such abuses and violations with a view to avoiding impunity and ensuring full individual accountability (resolution 40/27).

In 2018

39th session

The Council requested the High Commissioner to prepare a comprehensive written report on the human rights situation in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and to present it to the Human Rights Council at its forty-first session (resolution 39/1).

The Council decided to establish an ongoing independent mechanism to collect, consolidate, preserve and analyse evidence of the most serious international crimes and violations of international law committed in Myanmar since 2011 (resolution 39/2).

The Council decided to make youth the focus group of the fourth phase of the World Programme (resolution 39/3).

Acknowledging the work of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in preparing the draft guidelines on the effective implementation of the right to participate in public affairs, presented these guidelines as a set of orientations for States, as well as for, where appropriate, other relevant stakeholders in relation to the effective implementation of the right to participate in public affairs (resolution 39/11).

The Council adopted and recommended for adoption by the General Assembly the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas (resolution 39/12).

The Council decided to renew the mandate of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Sudan; also decided that the termination of the mandate of the Independent Expert will take effect on the day that a country office of the Office of the High Commissioner is declared operational by the Office of the High Commissioner and the Government of the Sudan (resolution 39/22).

38th session

The Council decided to convene two intersessional seminars with States and other relevant stakeholders on the contribution that the Human Rights Council can make to the prevention of human rights violations (resolution 38/18).

37th session

The Council requested the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, upon renewal of its mandate, to urgently conduct a comprehensive and independent inquiry into the recent events in Eastern Ghouta (resolution 37/1).

The Council decided to convene a high-level intersessional discussion celebrating the centenary of Nelson Mandela, on his life and legacy, in the context of promoting and protecting human rights through social justice, reconciliation and democratic ideals, on 27 April 2018 (resolution 37/15).

The Council requested the Human Rights Council Advisory Committee to conduct a study on the role of technical assistance and capacity-building in fostering mutually beneficial cooperation in promoting and protecting human rights (resolution 37/23).

In 2017

36th session

The Council requested the High Commissioner for Human Rights to appoint an expert to strengthen the work done by his office in  Burundi (resolution 36/2).

The Council welcomed the appointment by the High Commissioner of Bacre Ndiaye, Luc Côté and Fatimata M’Baye as members of the team of international experts on the situation in the Kasai regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo as mandated by the Human Rights Council in its resolution 35/33 (resolution 36/30).

The Council requested the High Commissioner to establish a group of eminent international and regional experts with knowledge on human rights law and the context of Yemen (resolution 36/31).

35th session

The Council decided to appoint, for a period of three years, a Special Rapporteur on the elimination of discrimination against persons affected by leprosy and their family members (resolution 35/9).

The Council requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to dispatch a  team of international experts to collect and preserve information, to determine the facts and circumstances concerning alleged human rights violations and abuses, and violations of international humanitarian law in the Kasai regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (resolution 35/33)

34th session

The Council decided to dispatch urgently an independent international fact-finding mission to be appointed by the President of the Human Rights Council to establish the facts and circumstances of the alleged recent human rights violations by military and security forces, and abuses, in Myanmar, in particular in Rakhine State (resolution 34/22).

The Council recommended that the General Assembly establishes a forum on people of African descent (resolution 34/33).

In 2016

33rd session

The Council decided to appoint, for a period of three years, a Special Rapporteur on the right to development (resolution 33/14).

The Council also decided to create for a period of one year a commission of inquiry on human rights in Burundi (resolution 33/24).

The Council decided to amend the mandate of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (resolution 33/25).

32st session

The Council decided to appoint, for a period of three years, an Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (resolution 32/2).

The Council took note of the Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights at International Borders, prepared by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, and encourages States to give due consideration to their implementation (resolution 32/14).

The Council adopted the Declaration on the Right to Peace (resolution 32/28).

31st session

The Council requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to designate a maximum of two existing independent experts in support of the work of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to focus on issues of accountability for human rights violations in the country (resolution 31/18).

The Council welcomed the establishment by the Office of the High Commissioner of a field-based structure in Seoul to strengthen the monitoring and documentation of the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (resolution 31/18).

The Council decided to establish a Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, composed of three members, for a period of one year (resolution 31/20).

International instruments

  • United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in the Rural Areas (2018)
    • ​Adopted (33-3-11) by Human Rights Council (40th meeting, 28 Sep 2018, resolution 39/12)
    • Adopted by the General Assembly as resolution 73/165 (121-8-54) on 17 Dec 2018
  • Declaration on the Right to Peace (2016)
    • ​ Adopted (34-9-4) by the Human Rights Council at its 45th meeting, 1 July 2016, and transmitted to the General Assembly as resolution 32/28
    • Aadopted by the General Assembly on 19 Dec 2016 as resolution 71/189

Human Rights Council 2010-2014

2014

27th session 26th session 25th session
8-26 Sep. 2014 10-27 June 2014 3-28 March 2014

Reports
A/HRC/27/2 (Advance unedited version), 
A/69/53/Add.1, Supp.53A
and Corr.1,Corr.2
Session information
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/26/2 (Advance unedited version), 
A/69/53, Supp.53
Session information 
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/25/2 (Advance unedited version), 
A/68/53, Supp.53
Session information
Voting data

22nd special session on the human rights situation in Iraq, 1 September 2014

Reports A/HRC/S-22/4A/69/53/Add.1, Supp.53A and Corr.1,Corr.2
Session information
Voting data

21st special session on the human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, 23 July 2014

Reports A/HRC/S-21/2A/69/53, Supp.53
Session information
Voting data

20th special session on the human rights situation in the Central African Republic, 20 January 2014

Reports A/HRC/S-20/2A/69/53, Supp.53
Session information
Voting data

2013

24th session 23th session 22th session
9-27 Sept. 2013 27 May-14 June 2013 25 Feb.-22 March 2013

Reports
A/HRC/24/2 (Advance unedited version), 
A/68/53/Add.1, Supp. 53A
Session information
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/23/2 (Advance unedited version), 
A/68/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data
Reports
Reports A/HRC/22/2
A/68/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

2012

21th session 20th session 19th session
10-28 Sept., 5 Nov. 2012 18 June-6 July 2012 27 Feb.-23 March 2012

Reports
A/HRC/21/2
A/67/53/Add.1 (Supp. 53A)
Session information
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/20/2
A/67/53 Supp. 53) and Corr.1Corr.2
Session information
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/19/2
A/67/53 Supp. 53)  and Corr.1Corr.2
Session information
Voting data

19th special session of Human Rights Council on the deteriorating human rights situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and the recent killings in El-Houleh, 1 June 2012

Reports A/HRC/S-19/2, A/67/53 and Corr.1Corr.2, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

2011

18th session 17th session 16th session
12-30 Sep. 2011 30 May-17 June 2011 28 Feb.-25 March 2011

Reports
A/HRC/18/2
A/66/53/Add.1 and Corr.1, Supp. 53A
Session information
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/17/2
A/66/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/16/2
A/66/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

18th special session on the human rights situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, 2 December 2011

Reports A/HRC/S-18/2A/66/53/Add.2 and Corr.1, Supp. 53A
Session information
Voting data

17th special session on the Situation of human Rights in the Syrian Arab Republic, 22 August 2011

Reports A/HRC/S-17/2A/66/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

16th special session on the Situation of human Rights in the Syrian Arab Republic, 29 April 2011

Reports (Advanced unedited version A/HRC/S-16/2), A/66/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

15th special session on the situation of human rights in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, 25 February 2011

Reports (Advanced unedited version), A/66/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

2010

15th session 14th session 13th session
13 Sep.-1 Oct. 2010 31 May-18 June 2010 1-26 March 2010

Reports
A/HRC/15/60
A/65/53/Add.1 (Supp. 53A)
Session information
Voting data

Reports
A/HRC/14/37
A/65/53 and Corr.1 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data
Reports
A/HRC/13/56
A/65/53 and Corr.1 (Supp. 53)
Session information
Voting data

14th special session on the situation of human rights in Cote d'Ivoire since the elections on 28 November 2010, 23 December 2010

Reports A/HRC/S-14/1A/66/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

13th special session on support to recovery process in Haiti: a human rights approach, 27 January 2010

Reports  A/HRC/S-13/2 and Corr.1A/65/53,and Corr.1, Supp. 53 and 53A
Session information
Voting data

In 2014

27th session

The Council decided to appoint, for a period of three years, a Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights (resolution 27/21)

26th session

The Council requested the Special Rapporteur on minority issues to prepare a comprehensive study of the human rights situation of Roma worldwide, with a particular focus on the phenomenon of anti-Gypsyism (resolution 26/4).

The Council decided to establish an open-ended intergovernmental working group on a legally binding instrument on transnational corporations and other business enterprises with respect to human rights (resolution 26/9).

The Council recommended that the General Assembly proclaim 13 June International Albinism Awareness Day (resolution 26/10).

The Council decided to appoint, for a period of three years, a Special Rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities (resolution 26/20).

The Council decided to establish, for a period of one year, a commission of inquiry to investigate all alleged violations of human rights in Eritrea (resolution 26/24).

The Council decided to establish a new mandate on capacity-building and technical cooperation with Côte d’Ivoire in the field of human rights to follow on from the previous mandate, for a period of one year (resolution 26/32).

25th session

The Council requested the Office of the High Commissioner to monitor the human rights situation in Sri Lanka and to undertake a comprehensive investigation into alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights and related crimes by both parties in Sri Lanka during the period covered by the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, and to establish the facts and circumstances of such alleged violations and of the crimes perpetrated with a view to avoiding impunity and ensuring accountability, with assistance from relevant experts and special procedures mandate holders (resolution 25/1)

In 2013

24th session

The Council decided to appoint Independent Expert on the enjoyment of all human rights by older persons (resolution 24/20)

The Council decided to appoint an independent expert, for a period of one year, to monitor the situation of human rights in the Central Africa Republic (resolution 24/34)

The Council requested the Secretary-General to establish a special fund for the participation of civil society and other relevant stakeholders in the Social Forum, the Forum on Minority Issues and the Forum on Business and Human Rights (decision 24/118)

23rd session

The Council requested the commission of inquiry to urgently conduct a comprehensive, independent and unfettered inquiry into the events in Al Qusayr (Syrian Arab Republic) (resolution 23/1).

22nd session

The Council decided to establish, for a period of one year, a commission of inquiry on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of Korea (resolution 22/13).

The Council decided to establish a one-year mandate for an independent expert on the situation of human rights in Mali (resolution 22/18).

In 2012

21st session

The Council decided to establish an open-ended intergovernmental working group with the mandate of negotiating, finalizing and submitting to the Human Rights Council a draft United Nations declaration on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas (resolution 21/19).

The Council decided to establish the Voluntary Technical Assistance Trust Fund to Support the Participation of Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States in the Work of the Human Rights Council (resolution 19/26).

20th session

The Council decided to appoint a special rapporteur to monitor the situation of human rights in Belarus (resolution 20/13).

The Council decided to appoint a special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea (resolution 20/20).

19th session

The Council decided to appoint independent expert on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment (resolution 19/10)

The Council decided to dispatch an independent international fact-finding mission to investigate the implications of the Israeli settlements on the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of the Palestinian people throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem (resolution 19/17)

The Council decided to establish the Voluntary Technical Assistance Trust Fund to Support the Participation of Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States in the Work of the Human Rights Council (resolution 19/26)

In 2011

18th session

The Council decided to establish new special procedures mandate of independent expert on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order (resolution 18/6).

The Council decided to appoint special rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence (resolution 18/7)

17th session

The Council decided to establish a Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises; and decided to establish a Forum on Business and Human Rights under the guidance of the Working Group to discuss trends and challenges in the implementation of the Guiding Principles and promote dialogue and cooperation on issues linked to business and human rights  (resolution 17/4).

The Council recommended the General Assembly to proclaim 19 August the International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism (resolution 17/8).

The Council decided to establish the mandate of independent expert on the situation of human rights in Côte d’Ivoire for a period of one year, who will be responsible for assisting the Government of Côte d’Ivoire and relevant actors in the follow-up to the implementation of the recommendations of the commission of inquiry and of the resolutions of the Human Rights Council (resolution 17/21).

The Council decided to establish an Office of the President of the Human Rights Council, in accordance with the procedural and organizational roles of the President as described in the annex to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1 (decision 17/118).

16th session

The Council decided to appoint a special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran (resolution 16/9).

The Council decided to dispatch an independent, international commission of inquiry, to be appointed by the President of the Human Rights Council, taking into consideration the importance of ensuring the equal participation and full involvement of women, to investigate the facts and circumstances surrounding the allegations of serious abuses and violations of human rights committed in Côte d’Ivoire following the presidential election of 28 November 2010 (resolution 16/25).

In 2010

15th session

The Council brought to the attention of the General Assembly resolution endorsing the conclusions contained in the report of the independent international fact-finding mission to investigate violations of human rights law and international humanitarian law resulting from the Israeli attacks on the flotilla of ships carrying humanitarian assistance (A/HRC/15/21) and called upon all concerned parties to ensure their immediate implementation (resolution 15/1).

The Council requested the Secretary-General to follow up on the implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the United Nations Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict (A/HRC/12/48) (resolution 15/6).

The Council adopted the plan of action for the second phase (2010-2014) of the World Programme for Human Rights Education (resolution 15/11).

The Council decided to appoint special rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association (resolution 15/21).

The Council decided to establish working group of five independent experts on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice (resolution 15/23).

The Council cecided to establish open-ended intergovernmental working group with the mandate to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework, including, inter alia, the option of elaborating a legally binding instrument on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies (resolution 15/26).

14th session

The Council decided to dispatch an independent, international fact-finding mission to investigate violations of international law, including international humanitarian and human rights law, resulting from the Israeli attacks on the flotilla of ships carrying humanitarian assistance (resolution 14/1).

Recommended that the General Assembly proclaim 24 March the International Day for the Right to the Truth concerning Gross Human Rights  Violations and for the Dignity of Victims (resolution 14/7).

13th session

The Council decided in the context of the follow-up to the report of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict, to establish a committee of independent experts to monitor and assess any domestic, legal or other proceedings undertaken by both the Government of Israel and the Palestinian side, in the light of  General Assembly resolution 64/254 (resolution 13/9).

International instruments

  • Political declaration of the high-level meeting of the General Assembly to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action "United against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance" (2011)
    • ​Adopted without vote by the General Assembly at  its 14th plenary meeting (A/66/PV.14) on 22 September 2011
    • General Assembly resolution 66/3
  • United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training (2011)
    • Adopted without vote by Human Rights Council (44th meeting, 23 Mar 2011, resolution 16/1)
    • Adopted without vote by the General Assembly at  its 89th plenary meeting (A/66/PV.89) on 19 Dec. 2011
    •  General Assembly resolution 66/137 ¦ OHCHR website
  • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure (2011). Entry into force: 14 Apr. 2014
  • United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons (2010)
    • Adopted without vote by the General Assembly at  its 109th plenary meeting (A/64/PV.109) on 30 July 2010
    • General Assembly resolution 64/293
  • Edinburgh Declaration on Business and Human Rights (2010)
    • Adopted at the 10th International Conference of National Human Rights Institutions (8 to 10 November 2010)
    • A/HRC/17/NI/1 (Annex)

 

International conferences

  • International Conference on Prevention of Genocide, 31 March-1 April 2014, Brussels, Belgium
  • 5-year review of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995) and the outcomes of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly (2000), 1-12 March 2010, Commission on the Status of Women, 54th session

Human Rights Council 2006-2009

2009

12th session 11th session 10th session
14 Sept.-2 Oct. 2009 2–19 June 2009 2–27 March 2009

Report
A/HRC/12/50
A/65/53, Supp. 53 
Session information
Voting data

Report
A/HRC/11/37
A/64/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

Report
A/HRC/10/29
A/64/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

12th special session on the human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and East Jerusalem, 15 and 16 October 2009

Reports A/HRC/S-12/1A/64/53/Add.1, Supp. 53A
Session information
Voting data

11th special session on the human rights situation in Sri Lanka, 26 and 27 May 2009

Reports A/HRC/S-11/2A/64/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

10th special session on the Impact of the Global Economic and Financial Crises on the Universal Realization and Effective Enjoyment of Human Rights, 20 Feb. 2009

Reports  A/HRC/S-10/2A/64/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

9th special session on the Grave Violations of Human Rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory including the recent aggression in the occupied Gaza Strip, 9 Jan. 2009

Reports A/HRC/S-9/2A/64/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

2008

9th session 8th session 7th session
8-24 Sept. 2008 2-18 June 2008 3-28 Mar. 2008

Report
A/HRC/9/28
A/63/53/Add.1, Supp. 53A 
Session information
Voting data

Report
A/HRC/8/52
A/63/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

Report
A/HRC/7/78
A/63/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

8th special session on the situation of the human rights in the East of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 28 Nov. 2008

Reports A/HRC/S-8/2A/64/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

7th special session on the negative impact on the realization of the right to food of the worsening of the world food crisis, caused inter alia by the soaring food prices, 22 May 2008

Reports A/HRC/S-7/2A/63/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

6th special session on human rights violations emanating from Israeli military incursions in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including the recent ones in occupied Gaza and West Bank town of Nablus, 23-24 Jan. 2008

Reports A/HRC/S-6/2A/63/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

2007

6th session 5th session 4th session
10-28 Sept. 2007,
resumed 10-14 Dec. 2007
11-18 June 2007 12 to 30 March  2007

Report
A/HRC/6/22
A/63/53, Supp. 53 
Session information
Voting data

Report
A/HRC/5/21
A/62/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

Report
A/HRC/4/123 and Corr.1
A/62/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

5th special session on the human rights situation in Myanmar, 2 Oct. 2007

Reports A/HRC/S-5/2A/63/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

2006

3rd session 2nd session 1st session
29 Nov.-8 Dec. 2006 18 Sep.-6 Oct. 2006 19-30 June 2006

Report
A/HRC/3/7 and Corr.1
A/62/53, Supp. 53 
Session information
Voting data

Report
A/HRC/2/9 and Corr.1
A/62/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

Report
A/61/53 (Supp.53)
Session information
Voting data

4th special session on human rights situation in Darfur, 12-13 Dec. 2006 

Reports  A/HRC/S-4/5A/62/53, Supp. 53
Session information
Voting data

3rd special session on Occupied Palestinian Territories, Beit Hanoun, 15 Nov. 2006

Reports A/HCR/S-3/2 and Corr.1A/62/53, Supp. 53 
Session information
Voting data

2nd special session on the grave situation of human rights in Lebanon caused by Israeli military operations, 11 Aug. 2006

Reports  A/HRC/S-2/2A/61/53, Supp.53
Session information
Voting data

1st special session on human rights situation on the Occupied Palestinian Territory, 5-6 July 2006

Reports A/HRC/S-1/3A/61/53, Supp.53
Session information
Voting data

In 2009

12th session

The Council requested the current Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers to elaborate safeguards to ensure and strengthen the independence of lawyers, including public defenders where appropriate, as a guarantee in the protection of human rights and the rule of law (resolution 12/3).

The Council decided to focus the second phase of the World Programme on human rights education for higher education and on human rights training programmes for teachers and educators, civil servants, law enforcement officials and military personnel at all levels (resolution 12/4).

The Council requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to present a comprehensive report on the violations of human rights in Honduras since the coup d’état (resolution 12/14).

The Council requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to convene, in 2010, a workshop for an exchange of views on how a better understanding of traditional values of humankind underpinning international human rights norms and standards can contribute to the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms (resolution 12/21).

11th session

The Council decided to establish an open-ended working group of the Human Rights Council to explore the possibility of elaborating an optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child to provide a communications procedure complementary to the reporting procedure under the Convention (resolution 11/1)

  • Reports of the Open-ended Working Group

The Council decided to submit to the General Assembly for consideration the Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children (resolution 11/7)

10th session

The Council decided to establish a new special procedure entitled independent expert in the field of cultural rights (resolution 10/23)

The Council  endorsed the road map adopted by the Ad Hoc Committee of the Human Rights Council on the Elaboration of Complementary Standards during the second part of its first session as a guiding framework document for all future work in this regard (resolution 10/30) 

In 2008

9th session

The Council requests the Office of the High Commissioner to compile a series of best practices in areas such as access to housing, education, health, employment and institutional and legal frameworks pertaining to Africans and people of African descent (resolution 9/14)

8th session

The Council transmitted to the General Assembly for action resolution adopting the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (resolution 8/2)

7th session

The Council decided to appoint independent expert on the issue of human rights obligations related to access to safe drinking water and sanitation (resolution 7/22)

In 2007

6th session

The Council decided to establish a forum on minority issues to provide a platform for promoting dialogue and cooperation on issues pertaining to persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities (resolution 6/15)

The Council regretting that the mandate of the Five Experts on Complementary Standards was not accomplished in accordance with the requirements set out in its decision 3/103, decided to convene the inaugural session of the Ad Hoc Committee in the first quarter of 2008 to commence its mandate (resolution 6/21)

  • Report of the Group of Experts

The Council decided to extend for two more years (2008-2009) the first phase of the World Programme for Human Rights Education (resolution 6/24)

The Council decided, in order to assist the Council in the implementation of its mandate, to establish a subsidiary expert mechanism to provide the Council with thematic expertise on the rights of indigenous peoples (resolution 6/36)

The Council adopted "General guidelines for the preparation of information under the Universal Periodic Review" (decision 6/102)

5th session

·  The Council (resolution 5/1 - see A/62/53, p. 48-73):

Adopted Code of Conduct for Special Procedures Mandate-Holders of the Human Rights Council (resolution 5/2).

4th session

The Council decided to initiate a process to rectify, in accordance with international law, in particular the law of international treaties, the legal status of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, with the aim of placing the Committee on a par with all other treaty monitoring bodies (resolution 4/7).

In 2006

3rd session

The Council  decided that the Human Rights Council will act as the Preparatory Committee for the Durban Review Conference (resolution 3/2).

2nd session

The Council decided to transmit the views of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights on the Human Rights Council’s future expert advice mechanism to the Working Group established pursuant to Council decision 1/104 (decision 2/102).

1st session

The Council transmitted for action by the General Assembly the Council resolution adopting the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (resolution 1/1).

The Council transmitted for action by the General Assembly resolution adopting the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (resolution 1/2).

The Council decided to extend for one year, subject to review to be undertaken by the Council, the mandates and mandate holders of all special procedures of the Commission on Human Rights, Sub-Commission on the Protection of Human Rights as well as the procedure established in accordance with the ECOSOC resolution 1503 (XLVIII) of 27 May 1970 (decision 1/102).

The Council decided to establish an inter-sessional open-ended working group to develop the modalities of the universal periodic review mechanism (decision 1/103).

The Council decided to establish an open-ended intergovernmental working group to formulate concrete recommendations on the issue of reviewing and, where necessary, improving and rationalizing all mandates, mechanisms, functions and responsibilities in order to maintain a system of special procedures, expert advice and a complaint procedure (decision 1/104).

International instruments

  • Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem (Protocol III) (2005)
  • Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law (2005)
  • Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (2002)
  • Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2001)
    • Adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization at its thirty-first session on 2 November 2001
    • OHCHR website ¦ UNESCO General Conferences
  • Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001)
  • Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (2000)
  • Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (2000)
  • United Nations Millennium Declaration (2000)
  • Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Istanbul Principles) (2000)
  • Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (2000)
  • Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (2000)


International conferences

  • Ten-year Review and Appraisal of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the outcome of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly held during the forty-ninth session of the CSW, from 28 February to 11 March 2005
  • World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, South Africa, 26 August-4 September 2002
  • World Conference against Racism, 2001 (Durban Declaration and Programme of Action)
  • 3rd United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries, Brussels, Belgium, 14-20 May 2001
  • Five-year Review of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (Beijing + 5) held in the General Assembly, 5 - 9 June 2000

 

Commission on Human Rights 2000-2006

 

62nd session 61st session 60th session

16 Jan.-27 Mar. 2006

14 Mar.-22 Apr. 2005

15 Mar. - 23 April 2004

Report E/2006/23,
Voting data
Report E/2005/23,
Session documents,
Voting data
Report E/2004/23,
Session documents,
Voting data
59th session 58th session 57th session 56th session

20 Jan., 17 Mar.-24 Apr. 2003

18 Mar.-26 Apr. 2002

19 Mar.-27 Apr. 2001

20 Mar.-28 Apr. 2000

Report E/2003/23,
Session documents,
Voting data
Report E/2002/23,
Session documents,
Voting data
Report E/2001/23,
Session documents,
Voting data
Report 
E/2000/23, E/2000/23/Add.1,
Session documents,
Voting data

5th special session on grave and massive violations of the human rights of the Palestinian people by Israel, 17-19 Oct. 2000, Geneva

Report E/2000/112,
Session documents,
Voting data

in 2006, the General Assembly, by resolution 60/251 of 15 March 2006, created the Human Rights Council as a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly.

During its final session; the Commission on Human Rights adopted resolution 2006/1 of 27 March 2006 concluding its work and transmitted the list of  mechanisms of the Commission whose reports were among those referred to the Human Rights Council.

in 2003, the Commission transmitted to ECOSOC for action resolution recommending that the General Assembly declare 2007 the United Nations Year for Violence Prevention (resolution 2003/28).

In 2002, the Commission transmitted for action to ECOSOC resolution adopting draft optional protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (resolution 2002/33).

n 2000, the Commission transmitted for action to ECOSOC resolution adopting the texts of two draft optional protocols to the Convention on involvement of children in armed conflicts and on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography annexed to the resolution (resolution 2000/59);

The Commission also transmitted for action to ECOSOC resolution deciding to establish as a subsidiary organ of the Council a permanent forum on indigenous issues; decided that the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues shall serve as an advisory body to the Council with a mandate to discuss indigenous issues within the mandate of the Council relating to economic and social development, culture, the environment, education, health and human rights (resolution 2000/87).

International instruments

  • Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem (Protocol III) (2005)
  • Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law (2005)
  • Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (2002)
  • Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2001)
    • Adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization at its thirty-first session on 2 November 2001
    • OHCHR website ¦ UNESCO General Conferences
  • Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001)
  • Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (2000)
  • Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (2000)
  • United Nations Millennium Declaration (2000)
  • Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Istanbul Principles) (2000)
  • Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (2000)
  • Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (2000)


International conferences

  • Ten-year Review and Appraisal of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the outcome of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly held during the forty-ninth session of the CSW, from 28 February to 11 March 2005
  • World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, South Africa, 26 August-4 September 2002
  • World Conference against Racism, 2001 (Durban Declaration and Programme of Action)
  • 3rd United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries, Brussels, Belgium, 14-20 May 2001
  • Five-year Review of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (Beijing + 5) held in the General Assembly, 5 - 9 June 2000

 

Commission on Human Rights 1990-1999

 

55th session 54th session 53rd session 52nd session 51st session

22 Mar.-30 Apr. 1999

16 May-24 Apr. 1998

10 Mar.-18 Apr. 1997

18 Mar.-26 Apr. 1996

30 Jan.-10 Mar. 1995

Report  E/1999/23
Session documents,
Voting data
Report E/1998/23,
Session documents,
Voting data
Report E/1997/23,
Voting data
Report E/1996/23,
Voting data
Report E/1995/23,
E/1995/23/Add.1,

Voting data

4th special session on situation in East Timor, 23-27 Sept. 1999, Geneva

Report  E/1999/23/Add.1;
Session documents,
Voting data

50th session 49th session 48th session 47th session 46th session

31 Jan.-11 Mar. 1994

Report  
E/1994/24  
E/1994/24/Add.1
Voting data

1 Feb.-12 Mar.1993

Report
E/1993/23 
E/1994/23/Add.1
Voting data

27 Jan.-6 Mar. 1992

Report
E/1992/22
Voting data

​28 Jan.-8 Mar. 1991

Report
E/1991/22
E/1991/22/Add.1
Voting data

​29 Jan.-9 Mar. 1990

Report
E/1990/22
E/1990/22/Add.1
Voting data

3rd special session on situation of human rights in Rwanda, 24-25 May 1994, Geneva
Report E/1994/24/Add.2  ¦ Session documents  ¦ Voting data

2nd special session on situation of human rights in the territories of the former Yugoslavia, 30 Nov.-1 Dec. 1992, Geneva
Report E/1992/22/Add.2 ¦ Session documents   ¦ Voting data

1st special session on situation of human rights in the territories of the former Yugoslavia, 13-14 Aug. 1992, Geneva
Report E/1992/22/Add.1/Rev.1 Supp. 2A ¦ Session documents   ¦ Voting data

In 1999, the Commission on Human Rights transmitted to ECOSOC decision recommending  the change of the name of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities into Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. (decision 31). It was approved by ECOSOC decision 1999/256 of 27 July 1999.

In 1996, the Commission approved draft programme of action for the prevention of the traffic in persons and the exploitation of the prostitution of others (E/CN.4/Sub.2/1995/28/Add.1) (resolution 1996/61).

​International instruments

  • Guidelines for Action on Children in the Criminal Justice System
  • Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights
  • Amendment to article 43 (2) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, New York, 12 December 1995
  • Amendment to article 20, paragraph 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, New York, 22 December 1995Not yet in force.
  • Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda 
  • Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action 
  • Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women
  • Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities
  • Principles relating to the status of national institutions (The Paris Principles) 
  • Statute of the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
  • Agreement establishing the Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean, Madrid, 24 July 1992
    • Adopted at the 2nd Summit Meeting of Ibero-American Heads of State (23-24 July 1992).  Entry into force: 4.08.93.
    • Text of the agreement, p. 380
  • Amendments to Art. 17 (7) and 18 (5) of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, New York, 8 Sep. 1992. Not yet in force.
  • Amendment to Art. 8 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, New York, 15 Jan. 1992
  • Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities
  • Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
  • United Nations Principles for Older Persons  
  • Principles for the protection of persons with mental illness and the improvement of mental health care 

 

International conferences

  • UN Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court, Rome, Italy, 15 June-17 July 1998
  • United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), Istanbul, Turkey, 3-14 June 1996
  • World Summit for Social Development, Copenhagen, Denmark, 6-12 Mar. 1995
  • 4th World Conference on Women, Beijing, China, 4-15 Sep. 1995
  • International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, Egypt, 5-13 Sep. 1994
  • World Conference on Human Rights, 14-25 June 1993, Vienna, Austria
  • International workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (Tunis, 13-17 Dec. 1993)
  • International workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (Paris, 7-9 Oct. 1991)
  • International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families 
  • Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners 
  • United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty 
  • Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials
    • Adopted by the 8th UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, 27 Aug.-7 Sep. 1990
    • OHCHR website 
  • United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (The Tokyo Rules) 
  • United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines) 
  • Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers
    • Adopted by the 8th UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, 27 Aug.-7 Sep. 1990
    • OHCHR website 
  • Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors
    • Adopted by the 8th UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, 27 Aug.-7 Sep. 1990
    • OHCHR website

 

 

Commission on Human Rights 1980-1989

45th session  44th session  43rd session  42nd session  41st session 
30 Jan.-10 Mar. 1989 1 Feb.-11 Mar. 1988 2 Feb.-13 Mar. 1987 3 Feb.-14 Mar. 1986 4 Feb.-15 Mar. 1985

Report E/1989/20,
Voting data

Report E/1988/12,
Voting data
Report E/1987/18,
Voting data
Report E/1986/22,
Voting data
Report E/1985/22,
Voting data
40th session  39th session  38th session  37th session  36th session 
6 Feb.-16 Mar. 1984 31 Jan.-11 Mar. 1983 1 Feb.-12 Mar. 1982 2 Feb.-13 Mar. 1981 4 Feb.-14 Mar. 1980
Report E/1984/14,
Voting data
Report E/1983/13,
Voting data
Report E/1982/12,
Voting data
Report E/1981/25,
Voting data
Report E/1980/13,
Voting data

In 1989, the Commission on Human Rights decided to adopt the Draft convention on the rights of the child and transmit the draft to the General Assembly, through the Economic and Social Council (resolution 1989/57).

In 1988, the Commission submitted for action by ECOSOC decision that the mandates of the special rapporteurs on thematic issues shall be for a period of two years and that shall continue to report annually (resolution  1988/30).

The Commission also endorsed the recommendation of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities that the name of the Working Group on Slavery be changed to "Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery" (resolution 1988/42).

The Commission transmitted to ECOSOC for action a recommendation to the General Assembly to proclaim an international year of the world's indigenous populations (resolution 1988/58).

In 1987, the Commission requested the Secretary-General to establish and administer a voluntary fund for advisory services and technical assistance in the field of human rights (resolution 1987/38).

In 1982, the Commissiondecided to inform the General Assembly, through the ECOSOC, that the Commission intends to keep under consideration the proposal for the creation of a post of a UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (resolution 1982/40).

In 1981, the Commission decided, taking note of General Assembly resolution 35/109 of 17 Dec. 1980, to discontinue its consideration of the item "Periodic reports on human rights" and to recommend the ECOSOC that it terminates the periodic reporting system established by Council resolution 1074 C (XXXIX) (decision 10 (XXXVII)

​International instruments 

 

​International conferences

  • International Conference for the Immediate Independence of Namibia, Vienna, 7-11 July 1986
  • World Conference to review and appraise the achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women: Equality, Development and Peace (3rd World Conference) (Nairobi, 1985)
  • World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women (1985: Nairobi)
  • Second World Conference to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination, Geneva, 1983
  • International Conference on Sanctions against South Africa (1981 : Paris)
  • World Conference of the United Nations Decade for Women : Equality, Development and Peace (2nd World Conference), Copenhagen, Denmark, 14-30 July 1980

Commission on Human Rights 1970-1979

35th session 34th session 33rd session 32nd session 31st session
12 Feb.-16 Mar. 1979 6 Feb.-10 Mar. 1978 7 Feb.-1 Mar. 1977 2 Feb.-5 Mar. 1976 3 Feb.-7 Mar. 1975
 Report E/1979/36,
Voting data
Report E/1978/34,
Voting data
Report E/5927,
Voting data
Report E/5768,
Voting data
Report E/5635,
Voting data
30th session 29th session 28h session 27th session 26th session
4 Feb.-8 Mar. 1974 26 Feb.- 6 Apr. 1973 6 Mar.-7 Apr. 1972 22 Feb.-26 Mar. 1971 24 Feb.-27 Mar. 1970
Report E/5464,
Voting data
Report E/5265,
Voting data
Report E/5113,
Voting data
Report E/4949,
Voting data
Report E/4816,
Voting data

In 1979, the Commission on Human Rights endorsed the guidelines on the structure and functioning of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights contained in the report of the Seminar on National and Local Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (ST/HR/SER.A/2) (resolution 24 (XXXV)).

In 1978, the Commission endorsed the Declaration and the Programme of Action of the World Conference for Action against Apartheid, held in Lagos in 1977 (resolution 5 (XXXIV)).

It also decided to establish the United Nations Trust Fund for Chile (resolution 13 (XXXIV)).

The Commission transmitted to the ECOSOC the Draft convention on the rights of the child (resolution 19 (XXXIV).

In 1977, the Commission accepted in principle the Draft general principles en equality and non-discrimination in respect of persons born out of wedlock and referred them to the Council  (decision 9 (XXXIII)).

In 1976, the Commission requested the Sub-Commission to draw at its 29th session the draft principles on freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention (resolution 10B (XXXII).

In 1973,  the Commission submitted to the ECOSOC for action:

  • Draft programme for a decade for action to combat racism and racial discrimination (resolution 1 (XXIX))
  • Draft convention on the suppression and punishment of the crime of apartheid (resolution 16 (XXIX))
  • endorsed and proclaimed Principles of international cooperation in the detection, arrest, extradition and punishment of persons guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity (resolution 13 (XXIX))
  • decided that the Yearbook on Human Rights to be issued every two years beginning with Yearbook for 1973-1974 (resolution 21 (XXIX)).

In 1972, the Commission submitted to the ECOSOC Draft International convention on the protection of journalists engaged in dangerous professional missions in areas of armed conflict (resolution 6 (XXVIII)).

International instruments

 

International conferences

  • World Conference to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination, Geneva, 14-25 Aug. 1978
  • World Conference of the International Women's Year (First World Conference),  Mexico City, 1975

 

Commission on Human Rights 1960-1969

25th session 24th session 23rd session 22nd session 21st session
7 Feb.- 21 Mar. 1969 5 Feb.-12 Mar. 1968 20 Feb.-23 Mar. 1967 8 Mar.-5 Apr. 1966 22 Mar.-15 Apr. 1965
Report E/4621,
Voting data
Report E/4475,
Voting data
Report E/4322,
Voting data
Report E/4184,
Voting data
Report E/4024,
Voting data

20th session

19th session 18th session 17th session 16th session
17 Feb .- 18 Mar. 1964 11 Mar. - 5 Apr. 1963 19 Mar. - 14 Apr. 1962 20 Feb. - 17 Mar. 1961 29 Feb. - 18 Mar. 1960
Report E/3873,
Voting data
Report E/3743,
Voting data
Report E/3616/Rev.1,
Voting data
Report E/3456,
Voting data
Report E/3335,
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In 1969, The Commission on Human Rights decided to prepare model rules of procedure for ad hoc bodies of the UN entrusted with the study of particular situations alleged to reveal a consistent pattern of violations of human rights (resolution 8 (XXV)).

In 1966, the Commission discussed the question concerning the implementation of human rights through a UN high commissioner for human rights or some other appropriate international machinery and decided to establish a working group to study all relevant questions concerning such institution (resolution 4 (XXII).

In 1964, The Commission requested the ECOSOC to transmit to the General Assembly resolutions:

  • with substantive articles of the Draft international convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination (resolution 1 (XX)).
  • designating 1968 as international year for human rights (resolution 6 (XX))

In 1963, the Commission submitted for action to ECOSOC resolution approving suggestions and recommendations concerning the celebration of the 15th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (resolution 7 (XIX)).

The Commission also transmitted to ECOSOC for consideration by the General Assembly Draft declaration of the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination (resolution 9 (XIX))

In 1962, the Commission requested the Secretary-General to prepare and publish a guide to national legal institutions and procedures for the protection or promotion of human rights.

in 1961, the Commission decided to appoint a Committee on Periodic Reports on Human Rights.

In 1960the Commission discussed the text of the draft Declaration on the of Asylum and transmitted the text to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

International instruments

International conferences

Commission on Human Rights 1950-1959

15th session 14th session 13th session 12th session 11th session
16 Mar.-10 Apr. 1959

10 Mar.-2 Apr. 1958

1-26 Apr. 1957

5-29 Mar 1956,

5-29 Apr 1955

Report E/3229
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Report E/3088
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Report E/2970/Rev.1
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Report E/2844
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Report E/2731 and Corr.1 (English) and E/2731 and Corr.2 (Français),
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10th session 9th session 8th session 7th session 9th session
23 Fev-16 Apr 1954

 

7 Apr-30 May 1953

14 Apr-14 June 1952

6 Apr-19 May 1951

27 Mar-19 May 1950

Report E/2573,
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Report E/2447,
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Report E/2256,
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Report E/1992,
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Report E/1681,
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In 1959, at 640th meeting, on 8 April 1959, the Commission on Human Rights adopted unanimously Draft Declaration of the Rights of the Child.

In 1958, the Commission transmitted for action by the ECOSOC resolution considering that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights should be a required subject of study in all schools and universities and recommended that the States Members of the United Nations and members of the specialized agencies should take any necessary steps to give effect to the present resolution.

In 1957, the Commission transmitted for action by the ECOSOC resolution transmitting the plans for the celebration of the 10th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (resolution A).

In 1954, the Commission transmitted in its sessional report - E/2573 -  proposal to the establishment of an office of the United Nations high commissioner for human rights (Annex III). 

The Commission also proposed to the General Assembly to establish a UN Commission on Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources. Proposal was transmitted to the General Assembly by ECOSOC as resolution 586 D (XX) of 29 July 1955. The proposed Commission was established by GA resolution 1314 (XIII) of 12 Dec. 1958.

In 1951, the Commission transmitted in its sessional report - E/1992 - proposal for the establishment of an office of the United Nations high commissioner for human rights (Annex VI).

In 1950, the Commission  discussed the functions of the Human Rights Committee (see paragraphs 34-45 of sessional report E/1681).

International instruments

Commission on Human Rights 1946-1949

 

5th session 4th session 3rd session 2nd session 1st session
9-20 May 1949 11 Apr. 1949 24 May – 18 June 1948 2-17  Dec  1947 17 Jan -10 Feb 1947
Report E/1371,
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Report E1315
 
Report E/800,
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Report E/600,
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Report E/259,
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1946 -  Establishment of the Commission on Human Rights

Economic and Social Council,
2nd session, 1946
Nuclear Commission on Human Rights and
Nuclear Sub-Commission on the Status of Women,
29 April and 29 May 1946
Economic and Social Council,
1st session, 1946
ECOSOC Report A/382,
ECOSOC resolution 2/12
Report E/38/Rev.1
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ECOSOC report A/125,
ECOSOC resolution 1/5 of 16 February 1946
(supplemented by the action taken by
the Council on 18 February 1946)
established the Commission on Human Rights and
Sub-Commission on the Status of Women

 

In 1949, the Commission on Human Rights established a Committee on the Prevention of Discrimination and the Protection of Minorities and considered the proposed terms of reference of the Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and the Protection of Minorities.

The Commission continued its work on draft covenant on human rights and draft measures of implementation.

The Commission on Human Rights held a special meeting to elect new members of the Sub-Commission on Freedom of Information and of the Press (4th session).

In 1948, the Commission examined the report of the Drafting Committee on an International Bill of Human Rights.

Decided to request the ECOSOC to amend rule 11 of the Rules of Procedures of Functional Commissions.

In 1947, the Commission considered Articles suggested for inclusion in an International Declaration of Human Rights; and the Articles suggested for inclusion in an International Convention on Human Rights and created the following working groups:

  • Working Group on the Declaration
  • Working Group on the Convention or Conventions
  • Working Group on Implementation.

 The Commission also established:

  • Subcommission on Freedom of Information and of the Press
  • Subcommission on prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities (1947-2006)
    • In 1999 it was renamed into Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.
    • It ceased  to exist in 2006, when the Human Rights Council established a new mechanism - Advisory Committee.
  • and Drafting Committee on the International Bill of Human Rights.

In 1946, the Economic and Social Council decided the composition of several commissions of the Council, including of the Commission on Human Rights (ECOSOC resolution 2/12 of 21 June 1946)..

The Nuclear Commission on Human Rights and the nuclear Sub-Commission on the Status of Women:

  • Reviewed and accepted the Terms of Reference of the Commission on Human Rights contained in Paragraph 2 of the ECOSOC resolution (E/27 of 22 Feb. 1946)
  • Recommended that the full Commission should draft an international bill of rights as soon as possible
  • Stated that it shall be considered that the purpose of the United Nations with regard to the promotion and observance of human rights, as defined in the Charter of the United Nations, could only be fulfilled if provisions were made for the implementation of the observance of human rights and of on international bill of rights
  • Also stated that pending the eventual establishment of an agency of"implementation the Commission on Human Rights might be recognized as qualified to aid the appropriate organs of the United Nations in the task defined for the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council in Articles 13, 55, and 62 of the Charter, concerning the promotion and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, and to aid the Security Council in the task entrusted to it by Article 39 of the Charter, by pointing to cases where violation of human rights committed in one country may, by its gravity, its frequency, or its systematic nature, constitute a threat to the peace
  • Defined the composition of the Commission;
  • Proposed to establish Subcommission on Freedom of Information and of the Press

The Economic and Social Council adopted resolution 1/5, which was supplemented by the action taken by the Council on 18 February 1946 completing paragraphs 6 and 7 of section A and paragraphs 4 and 5 of section B concerning the initial composition of these bodies, by which the Council established the Commission on Human Rights and Sub-Commission on the Status of Women.

International instruments

Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention (No. 98)

  • Adopted 1 July 1949, Geneva. Entry into force: 18 July 1951
  • ILO website

Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field (I)

Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea (II)

Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (III)

Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (IV)

  • Adopted on 12 August 1949 by the Diplomatic Conference for the Establishment of International Conventions for the Protection of Victims of War, held in Geneva from 21 April to 12 August 1949. Entry into force: 21 October 1950
  • ICRC website ¦ Status of ratifications ¦ OHCHR website

Convention concerning Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide