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Disarmament: Global Issues

Verification institutions

Verification institutions

The CTBTO is an interim organization tasked with building up the verification regime of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) in preparation for the Treaty's entry into force as well as promoting the Treaty's universality.

The OPCW's mission is to implement the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention, including on international verification of compliance.

The IAEA works for the safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. Its key roles contribute to international peace and security.

The UNMOVIC was created through the adoption of Security Council resolution 1284 of 17 December 1999. UNMOVIC replaced the former UN Special Commission (UNSCOM) and continued with the mandate to verify Iraq's compliance with its obligation to be rid of its weapons of mass destruction

Regional institutions

Body comprising of 18 countries of the Pacific region, which, among other tasks, reports the exchange of information and reports mandated by the Treaty of Rarotonga. It can also sanction the conduct of special inspections to clarify complaints regarding non-compliance with the provisions of the Treaty.

The OPANAL is an inter-governmental agency created by the Treaty of Tlatelolco to ensure that the obligations of the Treaty be met. OPANAL is responsible for convoking regular and special general conferences and consultation meetings related to the established purposes, means, and procedures of the Treaty.

 Euratom was initially created to coordinate the Member States' research programmes for the peaceful use of nuclear energy. Today, it  helps to pool knowledge, infrastructure, and funding of nuclear energy. It ensures the security of atomic energy supply within the framework of a centralised monitoring system.

Bilateral Institutions

The ABACC's main mission is to guarantee that all nuclear materials and facilities in both countries are used exclusively for peaceful purposes. To verify that no peaceful nuclear material is diverted for nuclear weapons, ABACC applies the Common System of Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (SCCC).

Disarmament Research Guides